Petzold: Short Definitions of Relatedness in Relationship

Relationship

The relationship is an encounter sustained in the long term, a chain of encounters that includes a shared perspective of a shared history and shared present, because there is a free will to live life together in a reliable relationship.

Relationship presupposes the ability to demarcation and touch, conflict and compromise, mutual empathy and shared reality. Relationships are intentional, lasting and reliable. They include the ability to contact and meet.

Encounter

The encounter is a reciprocal empathic meeting of different persons in the here-and-now. The meeting in which there is contact, results in an inter-subjective an exchange, that is healing.

Contact

Contact is described as a meeting of separate and concretely different individuals. The perception and bodily experiences of the person and the environment are separate. The person is able to distinguish the difference between the inner and outer world, and is able to establish, through contact, identity.

Confluence

Confluence is a form of human co-existence that is unrestricted. It is characteristic of the coexistence of the embryo and its mother.
There is no differentiation in perception of the individual persons in a confluent relationship. In adults, the fusion experiences can be that of the positive pleasurable or negative non-pleasurable kind (Petzold 1993, Volume III, p. 1066).

Attachment / Bonding

Attachment is the result of the decision to restrict ones freedom in favor of a freely chosen bonding. To endow an existing relationship with the quality of inviolability through loyalty, devotion, and willingness to suffer .

Dependency

Dependence is a bondage at the expense of personal freedom, which is structurally predefined as a natural “attachment” in children, or it is attachment-based socially meaningful behavior, for example, in the case of adults in need of care in the immediate vicinity of social relationships and networks. But it can also have pathological qualities such as neurotic dependencies, addiction-specific co-dependencies, collusions.

Bondage

Bondage involves massive, pathological dependence still exceeding qualities, because fundamental rights and rights violating restrictions of freedom, mental and real deprivation of liberty, when the enslavement occurs (often on a sexual level in pimp prostitution, sadomasochistic dependencies or on an economic basis in debt slavery, blackmail, etc.).

Source

Renz, H., & Petzold, H. G. (2006). Therapeutische Beziehungen–Formen „differentieller Relationalität “in der integrativen und psychodynamisch-konflikttherapeutischen Behandlung von Suchtkranken. Bei www.​ FPI-Publikationen.​ de/​ materialien.​ htm–POLYLOGE: Materialien aus der Europäischen Akademie für Psychosoziale Gesundheit13, 2006.