Instruments used to Collect Data in Psychotherapy Outcome Research

List of questionnaires as instruments to track psychotherapy outcome in research.

Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) Symptoms Self-report C Beck et al. (1961)

Symptom Checklist- 90-R (SCL-90-R) Symptoms Self-report C Derogatis et al. (1976)

State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Symptoms Self-report C Spielberger et al. (1983)

Dysfunctional Attitudes Scale (DAS) Vulnerability Self-report C Weissman and Beck (1978)

Clinical Outcome Routine EvaluationOutcome Measure (CORE-OM) Symptoms, well-being Self-report C Evans et al. (2002)

Outcome Questionnaire- 45 (OQ-45) Symptoms, interpersonal problems Self-report C Lambert et al. 2004

Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP) Interpersonal problems Self-report C Horowitz et al. (1988)

Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) Well-being Self-report C Rosenberg (1965)

Post-Therapy Questionnaire (PTQ) Treatment goals Self-report C Mintz et al. (1979)

Patient Target Complaint (PTC) Treatment goals Self-report C Battle et al. (1966)

Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) Symptoms Observational J Hamilton (1960)

Structured Clinical Interview for DSM personality disorders (SCID-II) Personality Observational J Spitzer et al. (1990)

Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure (SWAP-200) Personality Observational J Shedler and Westen (2007)

Global Assessment Scale (GAS) Treatment goals Observational J Endicott et al. (1976)

Therapist Target Complaint (TTC) Treatment goals Observational J Battle et al. (1966)


Gelo, O. C. G., & Manzo, S. (2015). Quantitative approaches to treatment process, change process, and process-outcome research. In Psychotherapy Research (pp. 247-277). Springer Vienna.

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